An ingrown toenail is an agonizing medical problem involving the toes. This condition is also preferred as unguis incarnatus or onchocryptosis. Ingrown toenails happen when a toenail’s sharp edge or corner digs deep through the skin, usually seen at the side or end of your toe.
Inflammation, swelling, redness, and pain in the area occur first where a nail curls through the skin. The inflamed part, later on, starts to grow excess tissue or will drain fluid that is yellowish in color. Typically, ingrown toenails affect the big toe.
There are different causes of heel pain. If left untreated, it is possible that it can cause worse injuries including knee problems.
One possible scenario is that you have developed heel spur. Heel spur is calcium deposit which causes a protrusion at the bottom of the heel. Heel spur can grow as much as half an inch. Often times, heel spurs are painless. However, there are instances when it can be intermittent or even be chronic pain.
The causes of heel spur range from conditions like plantar fasciitis to running on hard surfaces. The good thing about heel spurs is that 90% of its cases won’t require invasive measures.
There are individuals who are more prone to developing heel spur. For instance, runners and professional athletes are at a higher risk of having this condition. Both running and jumping can increase the chances of developing the heel spur. Also, individuals with either high arches or flat feet are prone to having this type of injury.
Aside from activity and your feet’s anatomy, age can also be a factor to consider. As we get older, there is a chance that the protective layer of fat on the heel is becoming thinner. Age can also decrease the overall flexibility of the plantar fascia which can even make the heel vulnerable to having calcium deposits.
Depending on the severity of the heel spur, it may warrant surgery. But for most scenarios, you can alleviate the heel spur related discomfort at the comfort of your home. Here are some solutions that you can do to get rid of the pain that is associated with this particular condition.
1. Control your weight
Weight has something to do with the wear and tear of your feet. Regardless of the anatomy of your feet, your heel’s protective layer could easily get reduced if you are overweight. What you can do is to control the amount of food that you eat, and eat healthy. It is also a good idea to perform exercises.
As rule of thumb, you need to burn more calories than the amount of food that you eat in order to achieve weight loss.
2. Fix your muscle imbalance
Muscle imbalance is one of the many causes why people develop heel spur. Heel spur is simply a byproduct of bad running practice because of muscle imbalance. Does this mean that you have to do your workouts harder? This shouldn’t be the case. Instead, you should do it wisely and systematically.
Burst of intense physical activity can cause heel spur to take place. It is a good idea to let the body adapt to the physical activity first before you decide to increase your physical activity. As a good rule of thumb, if you are running, only increase the distance by 20% every few days. This will give the body enough time to adapt to the stress that the feet have to endure.
Also, it is a good idea to mix the types of physical activities that you do. You can always develop different muscle groups by performing different workouts.
3. Wear the right type of shoes
Different feet will require different kinds of shoes. Individuals with flat feet and high arches require more support on their mid-foot, in order to prevent heel problems. It is a good idea to talk to your shoe expert if you are planning to purchase a running shoe.
If you already know that your feet require more support, it is discouraged that you use footwear such as slippers and flat shoes simply because it can worsen the plantar fasciitis which could eventually lead to heel spur.
Aside from wearing the right shoes, it is also a good idea to change your shoes after it has reached its maximum mileage. Wear and tear decreases the overall support on your feet leaving you prone to developing heel spur.
Stretches are important in order to help prevent and minimize heel spur. Stretching the plantar fascia, most of the time will do the trick. To stretch this part of the foot, you will need to stretch the toes and pull them towards you. If you feel that the calf muscles are tight, this area should also be stretched or even massaged.
It is a good idea to practice stretches first thing in the morning. Most cases of plantar fasciitis with associated heel pain occur first thing in the morning. In addition to stretches, you can always have the surrounding areas of the foot massaged via a tennis ball or a golf ball.
Taping the feet is another great way to limit the stress on parts of the feet that can cause heel pain, specifically heel spur. Taping the feet by the mid foot to support the plantar fascia could limit its movement, and could assist the feet in walking and overall mobility. KT tapes are becoming popular for this purpose.
6. Orthotic devices
It has been proven that orthotic devices have the ability to help support flat feet and those that have high arches. Though it is argued if it is effective for long term use, it has been proven effective to some extent by experts. Endurance runners are known for using orthotic devices to ensure the proper support on their feet.
7. Run on soft surfaces
Do you tend to run on hard surface? A lot of runners jog using the streets. Though you enjoy the scenery, you are doing damage to your feet in so many ways. For instance, uneven level of the ground could lead you to sprain and different injuries. It is also possible to put so much stress on your plantar fascia which could lead to heel spur. And of course, hard surfaces can breakdown the protective layer on the heel.
What you can do is to find a training facility that has a track. Here, the ground is soft allowing you to run and train harder with minimal risks involved.
There are 26 bones that constitute your ankle and foot. There are 33 joints and a hundred more tendons that are part of it too.
Once you use your foot too much or injure the heel, then a heel pain will most likely occur. The pain we feel will range from mild to more disabling discomfort. In a number of cases, a podiatrist or doctor will be needed to diagnose why you have heel pain.
Heel pain typically is a rare health threat and the pain just disappears without proper intervention. But some people may experience persistence of pain for long periods of time.
Usually, heel pain affects the back and the underside of the heel. Heel pain interferes with normal daily living activities like physical exercise, although it can rarely be one of the symptoms of a more serious medical problem.
Osteoarthritis is a commonly known type of arthritis by most people. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage providing a cushion between bones gets easily damaged causing it to break down and wear out. This then leads to allowing a bone to grind and rub against another.
Several medicines help in dealing with the pain from osteoarthritis and surgical managements for extreme pain. However, there are remedies that we can find naturally and free from chemicals to ease the pain.
Arthritis is known to cause inflammation in the joints. It causes stiffness and pain in a joint and it is commonly seen in small joints of the ankle and foot.
More than a hundred types of arthritis, a lot of which can affect the ankles and foot. All these types make walking and performing daily activities very difficult.
Arthritis has no cure, but can be managed. There are different treatments to choose from in order to slow down the progression of arthritis and to relieve its symptoms. With proper medical management, many people experiencing arthritis can control their pain, stay active, and spend their lives in fulfillment.
A swollen foot is medically termed as edema. The condition is not considered as a disease but a symptom of a more serious health condition. There are numerous causes of the problem that can be related to swelling from pregnancy, overweight, medications and increased blood pressure.
Edema does not pose a harmful threat, but rather feel very uncomfortable to the ones experiencing it. Sometimes the swelling can be addressed at home with natural remedies. Talk it out with your doctor on what seems to cause your swelling. Remember though that if the edema occurs more often and is painful, you should seek immediate medical advice.
Whatever is the reason for the edema in your feet, the following home remedies can aid to relieve the swelling.
Peripheral edema or the swelling of ankles, feet, and legs is defined as fluid accumulation in the three parts of your body. The fluid buildup normally is not felt as painful, except if it is caused by injury. The swelling is obvious in the body’s lower extremities due to the gravity.
Sprains are among the most common injuries affecting different types joints of the body. Foot sprains are quite common. We use our feet to walk, run, and do certain fun activities. It is a type of injury that a lot of athletes suffer from. But of course, even non-athletes can get sprained simply by walking.
With 52 bones, the foot is a complicated part of the body. By age 50, the average American is expected to have walked around 75,000 miles on their feet. Given our day to day activities, heel pain is quite common. One of the common reasons why people experience heel pain is due to heel spurs.
The foot is a tough part of the body designed to support our weight and provide overall mobility. However, there are scenarios wherein the feet are also prone to different wear and tear factors that can cause a number of discomforts. One of most common discomfort that runners experience is a foot corn.
What exactly is a foot corn? Foot corn is an area of the foot which has been thickened due to friction, pressure or both. There are many causes of this scenario. The most common culprit for foot corn is ill-fitting or worn out footwear. Friction from an ill-fitted shoe can develop thickening in certain areas of the foot.